Heart Failure Management

If you have heart failure, your doctor will monitor you closely. You will have follow-up appointments at least every 1 to 2 months, but sometimes much more often. You will also have tests to check your heart function.

Knowing your body and the symptoms that your heart failure is getting worse will help you stay healthier and out of the hospital. At home, watch for changes in your heart rate, pulse, blood pressure, and weight.

Weight gain, especially over a day or two, can be a sign that your body is holding onto extra fluid and your heart failure is getting worse. Talk to your doctor about what you should do if your weight goes up or you develop more symptoms.

Limit how much salt you eat. Your doctor may also ask you to limit how much fluid you drink during the day.

Other important changes to make in your lifestyle:

  • Ask your doctor how much alcohol you may drink.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Stay active. Walk or ride a stationary bicycle. Your doctor can provide a safe and effective exercise plan for you. Do not exercise on days when your weight has gone up from fluid or you are not feeling well.
  • Lose weight if you are overweight.
  • Lower your cholesterol by changing your lifestyle.
  • Get enough rest, including after exercise, eating, or other activities. This allows your heart to rest too.